Content on this page was developed during the H1N1 pandemic and has not been updated.Emu biology major rankings list
Updated: June 16, This document is a summary; it is not a comprehensive account of all CDC actions and activities nor is it intended to represent response efforts by other agencies and partners. The H1N1 influenza flu pandemic occurred against a backdrop of pandemic response planning at all levels of government including years of developing, refining and regularly exercising response plans at the international, federal, state, local, and community levels.
At the time, experts believed that avian influenza A H5N1 viruses posed the greatest pandemic threat. H5N1 viruses were endemic in poultry in parts of the world and were infecting people sporadically, often with deadly results. Given that reality, pandemic preparedness efforts were largely based on a scenario of severe human illness caused by an H5N1 virus. Despite differences in planning scenarios and the actual H1N1 pandemic, many of the systems established through pandemic planning were used and useful for the H1N1 pandemic response.
This virus was a unique combination of influenza virus genes never previously identified in either animals or people. The virus genes were a combination of genes most closely related to North American swine-lineage H1N1 and Eurasian lineage swine-origin H1N1 influenza viruses.Marketing channels raise fund for kids
Because of this, initial reports referred to the virus as a swine origin influenza virus. However, investigations of initial human cases did not identify exposures to pigs and quickly it became apparent that this new virus was circulating among humans and not among U. Laboratory testing at CDC confirmed that this virus was new to humans.
Two days later, CDC laboratory testing confirmed a second infection with this virus in another patient, an 8-year-old living in California about miles away from the first patient who was tested as part of an influenza surveillance project.
There was no known connection between the two patients. Laboratory analysis at CDC determined that the viruses obtained from these two patients were very similar to each other, and different from any other influenza viruses previously seen either in humans or animals.
Testing showed that these two viruses were resistant to the two antiviral drugs amantadine and rimantadine, but susceptible to the antiviral drugs oseltamivir and zanamivir.
CDC began an immediate investigation into the situation in coordination with state and local animal and human health officials in California. The cases of H1N1 flu in California occurred in the context of sporadic reports of human infection with North American-lineage swine influenza viruses in the United States, most often associated with close contact with infected pigs.
During December — January12 cases of human infection with swine influenza were reported; five of these 12 cases occurred in patients who had direct exposure to pigs, six patients reported being near pigs, and the source of infection in one case was unknown.
Human-to-human spread swine influenza viruses had been rarely documented and had not been known to result in widespread community outbreaks among people. In mid-April ofhowever, the detection of two patients infected with swine origin flu viruses miles apart, raised concern that a novel swine-origin influenza virus had made its way into the human population and was spreading among people. CDC worked closely with state and local animal and human health officials on epidemiological investigations by tracing contacts of both patients to try to determine the source of their infection and by examining whether there was any link between the patients and pigs.
Surveillance also was enhanced to try to detect additional cases of human illness with this virus. Based on the geographic location of the first cases, lack of contact between these cases and swine, and data collected through contact tracing and laboratory testing, CDC epidemiologists suspected that human-to-human transmission of this virus had taken place.
Within a day, three additional samples of this new virus were identified in San Diego County and Imperial County California hospitals and sent to CDC for further testing. By April 21,CDC had begun working to develop a virus that could be used to make vaccine to protect against this new virus called a candidate vaccine virus.Writers help my family essay for kids top writers
There are many steps involved with producing a vaccine — the first step is getting a good high yield vaccine virus. A high-yield vaccine virus is a sample of the virus that is used to grow the virus in mass quantities in chicken eggs. Once the virus is grown in mass quantities, the virus particles are then purified to make vaccine.
Recognizing that H1N1 was a new flu virus — and, like all flu viruses, unpredictable - CDC simultaneously pursued multiple scientific methods to create a high-yield virus.Faculty and staff are available by email and phone.
College campuses are not accessible except for approved appointments and labs. All campus tours are suspended until further notice. To provide assistance and instructional support, Columbia State campuses will be open to students by appointment for computer access and other designated instructional services. Students should also visit the Fall Resources webpage for access to resources and other important information. Make a plan to register early! Priority Registration is November for current students.
Online Registration opens on November 4 for all admitted students. Students are encouraged to register early in order to get the classes that best fit their schedules. Visit our Spring Registration page for more information. The spring course schedule includes several instructional formats: live-streaming Desktop Video Conferencing DVC via Zoom, online, hybrid, and a small-group, on-ground classes.
They are listed below. Live-streaming classes are engaged live virtual learning. Students will be required to have a camera and microphone to participate. Computer labs will be open on every campus for student use by appointment. A full schedule of online classes Columbia State and TN eCampus will be offered as with other semesters. An online class is one in which the student sets their schedule for completing the class asynchronous and does not have to log in at a certain time or day.
Students are required to meet all published assignment deadlines in order to pass the course.
Whenever possible, course labs are being converted to online format. Specific lab and skill-based sections will meet on campus, with everyone wearing a mask, completing a safe health questionnaire, and employing safe distancing with classes meeting in small groups.
Workplace learning courses such as clinical, internships, and practicums will require participation at the clinical or assigned work location to complete course requirements. Completion of these courses will depend on the availability of access to the assigned location. In the event of closure of access to workplace learning facilities, students may be reassigned to new locations or an incomplete grade assigned in the course until assigned locations reopen to students.
Students electing an incomplete may extend program completion timelines. To support students and learning styles small group campus-based flex class sessions, study groups or specialized instruction may be offered.CDC works with state and local health departments to investigate human outbreaks with novel flu viruses i.
CDC takes novel flu outbreaks seriously because of their potential to harm large numbers of people. CDC scientists become concerned when:. When any of these scenarios happens, CDC works with state public health officials on a public health investigation and also coordinates with the United States Department of Agriculture USDA and state animal health officials as appropriate.
In the case of novel flu, the goals of an outbreak investigation are to identify the source of the infection in people, to determine if person-to-person spread of the virus is happening, and to slow or stop the spread of the virus in people and sometimes animals. Following are a few examples of this investigative process showing how CDC takes quick action to respond to novel flu outbreaks in order to help stop or slow the spread of disease.
The majority of variant flu virus infections in the United States have occurred among people attending an agricultural fair where they were exposed to infected pigs or their contaminated environments.
Agricultural fairs are large community events where people have the opportunity to show and sell animals, such as pigs, that they have raised. Large numbers of people and animals attend agricultural fairs. These settings provide an opportunity for people to come in close contact with pigs, some of which may be infected with influenza viruses, and their environment, which may become contaminated with influenza viruses when ill pigs cough or sneeze.
Below are examples of variant flu outbreaks:. At a single agricultural fair in Ohio, CDC and state public health officials identified 20 confirmed and 94 probable cases of H3N2 v virus infection.
No evidence of human-to-human spread was found. Learn more external icon. Every so often, avian influenza i.
In some instances, avian influenza outbreaks in poultry have been associated with illness and death in people globally, although this is rare in North America. Avian flu viruses spread mainly from animals to people through direct contact with infected birds or their contaminated environments. The spread of avian flu viruses from one ill person to another is rarely reported.
Below are examples of avian flu outbreaks:. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Influenza Flu. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate.1918 Flu Epidemic in Missouri, Part 2 of 2
Minus Related Pages. CDC scientists become concerned when: People are infected with animal flu viruses, including swine pig and avian bird flu viruses, or people are infected with a human flu virus that changed abruptly and significantly, resulting in a new human seasonal influenza A virus called a novel flu infection in people. Interviewing people who have tested positive for flu.
Investigating reports of exposure to animals known to carry influenza viruses, such as pigs and birds. Monitoring responders to animal influenza outbreaks, such as people working in outbreaks among pigs and poultry. CDC worked closely with state and territorial health departments to investigate each human infection so that the risk of infection could be more fully understood and appropriate public health measures could be taken to minimize the chance that other people might get sick. CDC staff joined the state health department staff and others to support their efforts to: Determine the extent of the outbreak and the severity of illness among people infected; Identify any instances of person-to-person spread; and Examine possible risk factors for infection.The U.
Funds must be used to cover expenses related to the disruption of campus operations due to coronavirus, such as course materials, technology, food, housing, health care, childcare, or other cost of attendance related items. Students exclusively enrolled in online courses prior to March 13,dual enrollment, transient, and DACA students are not eligible for funding.
Our institution determined funds would be allocated to the largest number of students possible due to impacts of COVID related events. Criteria for eligibility include:. Any disbursed emergency grant funds will be released to students by either refund check or direct deposit, depending on the method the student has setup with the college.
Students determined eligible for HEERF payments will receive a confirmation email from the institution.
A copy of the email template may be reviewed here. Information below is initially published no later than 30 days after the institution received HEERF funds and is updated every 45 days after.
Below are the dates. Search Text Entry. Payment Methodology Our institution determined funds would be allocated to the largest number of students possible due to impacts of COVID related events.
The 2009 H1N1 Pandemic: Summary Highlights, April 2009-April 2010
Criteria for eligibility include: An individual must have been a student as of March 13, Students cannot have been enrolled solely in an online format as of March 13, Dual enrollment, transient, and DACA students are not eligible for funds Disbursement Process Any disbursed emergency grant funds will be released to students by either refund check or direct deposit, depending on the method the student has setup with the college.If there is an outbreak of the flu or another communicable, airborne disease, take the following key preventative measures:.
Know the signs and symptoms of the flu. A fever is a temperature taken with a thermometer that is equal to or greater than degrees Fahrenheit or 38 degrees Celsius. Look for possible signs of fever: if the person feels very warm, has a flushed appearance, or is sweating or shivering.
Stay home if you have flu or flu-like illness for at least 24 hours after you no longer have a fever degrees Fahrenheit or 38 degrees Celsius or signs of a fever have chills, feel very warm, have a flushed appearance, or are sweating.
This should be determined without the use of fever-reducing medications any medicine that contains ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Talk with your health care providers about whether you should be vaccinated for seasonal flu. During flu season, Columbia State Community College will operate as long as the majority of faculty and students are able to attend classes. Decisions to close the college or any of its campuses will occur in concert with local health departments.
In the event of a cancellation, Columbia State will post the announcement at its website www. Please check these outlets often for notices. Area media outlets may also carry news relative to college closings or major event cancellations.Bell business environment learning and leadership
Do I have to go to class? If you are well, attend class. But if you have a fever or other flu-like symptoms, do not attend class.Courseworks plus program illinois application program
Your first point of contact is the course instructor; call or email the instructor who teaches your class. If you cannot reach the faculty member, you should contact the division that offers the class. If I have a big test or assignment due and I have the flu or flu-like symptoms, what should I do?
You should not attend class if you have either flu or flu-like symptoms. Email or call your instructor for instructions preferably before the exam, quiz or assignment is due if at all possible. If the college should close in late semester, how would I take my finals and get my grades? Monitor these sources regularly for the most up-to-date information.
Search Text Entry. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand gel. Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it. If a tissue is not available, cough into your shirtsleeve. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread that way. Do NOT share your food, drink or utensils with others. Avoid close contact with sick people.A public health crisis and a global recession have hit higher education at the same time.
What could the future look like for open-access colleges, which serve the most vulnerable?
Welcome to Columbia State Community College
While higher education leaders and experts may disagree on how this recession -- and complications arising from the novel coronavirus -- will play out, they all agree this is a difficult, unique time for the sector. The spread of the coronavirus has led many institutions to close and pivot to online. Moody's Investors Service moved higher education's outlook rating from stable to negative.
Institutions with large endowments and storied reputations are bound to survive. But what about community colleges and open-access institutions, which serve the most vulnerable and underrepresented students? However, Anderson is concerned about whether these institutions, which spend thousands less per full-time-equivalent student than research universities, will have enough resources to adequately weather this storm. Research shows that open-access colleges spend much less on students when including state appropriations, tuition and fees, and other sources of funding.
Some leaders and experts see similarities between what higher education is facing now and past crises, like the Sept. But there a few key differences this time around -- recommendations for social distancing and isolation are forcing colleges to pivot online at a rapid pace.
The pandemic isn't locally contained. It's not as predictable as some natural disasters are. There are no known treatments or vaccines, like there were for the swine flu.
Some people aren't showing symptoms, making it hard to know the extent to which coronavirus has spread.
As institutions are switching to online formats to avoid large gatherings, a divide between those with resources and those without is already apparent, Carroll said. Not all students have computers or internet access, for example, and some rely on resources provided on campuses.
Colleges also are frustrated because the situation is changing day to day, said Joe May, chancellor of the Dallas County Community College District. And the crisis is moving even faster than natural disasters and other events. Natural disasters also tend to create jobs, May said, whereas the pandemic is eliminating work-study jobs and putting students' eligibility for federal funding at risk.Spring Registration is now open!
Make a plan to register early! The spring schedule includes several instructional formats, including live-streaming Desktop Video Conferencing DVC via Zoom, online, hybrid, and a limited number of small-group, on-ground classes. Faculty and staff are available by email and phone. College campuses are not accessible except for approved appointments and labs.
Check out Fall Final Exam Schedule for info about exams. Search Text Entry. You can also download a pdf version. Don't put your dreams on hold. Get Started this spring! Spring Registration Spring Registration is now open. Learn More. Get Started Spring Visit the Get Started page for important information such as spring schedule formats, registration, advising and more.
Get Started. Our Zoom virtual hotline is available Mon. Zoom Tutoring available days, evenings and weekends. More Info. See FAQs. Degrees, A. Degrees, Tech.
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